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Category: Science

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‘I had a huge swelling’: why my life as a female cyclist led to vulva surgery

There needs to be serious, urgent research into better saddles for female cyclists, says Hannah Dines, who has endured years of pain and swelling caused by friction as she ridesThe plastic surgeon, in that particularly endearing way of surgeons, was tr…

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Stop talking about testosterone – there’s no such thing as a ‘true sex’ | Katrina Karkazis

Sports bodies want a biological criterion to indicate an athlete’s sex. But it’s mind-bogglingly more complicated than thatDebates are raging again over who should be allowed to compete in women’s sport. Take two recent examples that inflamed the inter…

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Ski president sorry for praising dictators and attacking ‘so-called’ climate change

Gian Franco Kasper said dictators make good event hosts75-year-old once said women shouldn’t ski jumpThe president of the International Ski Federation has apologised after an interview in which he questioned climate change and said he preferred countri…

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Fake moon landings and a flat Earth: why do athletes love conspiracy theories?

Sports stars as varied as Stephen Curry and Andrew Flintoff have flirted with conspiracy theories. But they are guided by very human emotionsWith Christmas Day just gone, it seems fitting that Steph Curry already has something he’d probably like to tak…

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A sub-two-hour marathon is not as fanciful as some might imagine | Sean Ingle

Kenya’s Eliud Kipchoge finished the Berlin marathon in 2hr 1min 39sec on Sunday but advances in shoe technology, carbohydrate drinks and mindsets may close the gap furtherWhen Eliud Kipchoge woke to a dazzling Monday morning in Berlin he was greeted wi…

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More young footballers dying of heart problems than thought, FA study finds

FA increases number of screenings for youth players after study finds several players died of heart problems not spotted by testsYoung footballers are dying from heart problems at a higher rate than was previously thought, according to doctors who over…

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Transatlantic tales of Morris Minors | Brief letters

Graham Kelly on football psychology | A Minor marriage | Morris Minus | Jeremy Hunt | PuffinsAlthough a respected sports scientist accompanied England manager Bobby Robson to Italia 90, the Football Association was not so attuned then to the psychology…

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How the psychology of the England football team could change your life

England players seem happier and more grounded – and much of the credit goes to psychologist Pippa Grange. What can the team’s approach teach us all about facing fear and failure?This week, the England midfielder Dele Alli was asked if he was nervous a…

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David Beckham’s tattoos are just fine in Hindi | Brief letters

David Beckham’s Sanskrit | Apple autocorrection | Street names | Keeping meetings brief | Windrush alePlease can we sink for ever the notion of David Beckham’s “misspelt Sanskrit/Hindi tattoo” (Inking big: is Becks “addicted” to tats?, G2, 2 May)? Both…

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Archaeologist uncovers rich history at Bradford’s lost football ground

Forgotten home of Bradford Park Avenue, abandoned when club folded in 1974, hailed as ‘Angkor Wat of football’In his 40-year career as an archaeologist, Jason Wood has travelled the world, searching for Roman remains in Jordanian citadels and helping t…

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New images show Aaron Hernandez suffered from extreme case of CTE

Dr Ann McKee said Hernandez suffered severe damage to key brain areasImages show damage to areas important to impulse control and behaviorHernandez, the former NFL star, killed himself in prison in April aged 27Former New England Patriots player Aaron …

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Cracking the vault: Artificial intelligence judging comes to gymnastics

Japanese IT giant Fujitsu is developing a 3D sensory system that will make scoring easier. But will computers ever fully replace human judges?A light blinks on the black box alerting the gymnast to begin her routine. She launches off the vault, lands a…

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NFL concussion: researchers hope blood tests can better detect head trauma

Several firms trying to develop new methods to assess extent of damageBaltimore’s Joe Flacco left Miami game with concussion after heavy hitIn the second quarter of an NFL game on Thursday night, the Baltimore Ravens quarterback Joe Flacco slid to gain…

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New rugby warm-up regime can halve number of injuries

Programme may be rolled out nationwide to cut soaring risk to playersA series of exercises performed before rugby matches can dramatically reduce injury, according to a benchmark study that the game’s coaches hope will rebut the charge that they do not…

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World Rugby rejects ‘alarmist’ call for tackling and scrum ban in school sport

  • Experts call for ban on ‘harmful contact’ to reduce injury risk
  • World Rugby questions data and claims made in new study

World Rugby has rejected “extreme and alarmist” claims made in a study that calls on scrums and tackling to be banned at school level, with a number of former international players also speaking out against the proposal.

Allyson Pollock and Graham Kirkwood from the Institute of Health at Newcastle University had urged the government to remove the tackle and other forms of “harmful contact” from school rugby. They argued that removing collision is likely to “reduce and mitigate the risk of injury” and said governments have a duty to “ensure the safety of children”.

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Sport doping study revealing wider usage published after ‘scandalous’ delay

Almost six-year wrangle delays release of anonymous surveys done after elite athletics events in 2011, in which 57% of competitors doing admitted doping compared to under 4% in Wada resultsA controversial study suggesting that doping in sport is far mo…

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Caster Semenya could be forced to undertake hormone therapy for future Olympics

Study shows performance-boosting effects of testosterone in female athletes, reopening controversial debate about intersex and hyperandrogenous competitors

Caster Semenya, the Olympic 800m champion, may be banned from competing at future Games unless she undergoes hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or even surgery in the wake of a landmark study into athletes with raised testosterone levels which has just been published.

The International Association of Athletics Federations, the world governing body, commissioned research which has produced the most conclusive evidence yet that female athletes with very high levels of naturally occurring testosterone receive significant performance-enhancing benefits in competition.

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Concussion protocols at 2014 World Cup failed Fifa standards, study finds

Almost two-thirds of head collision incidents at the tournament were not followed by players being assessed on the sidelines by medical professionals

Head collisions experienced by footballers during the 2014 World Cup were not tackled according to Fifa’s own standards, research has revealed.

A team of doctors from Canada have found that after almost two-thirds of the head collision events that occurred during the tournament, the players involved did not receive an assessment on the sidelines by healthcare personnel.

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Concussion protocols at 2014 World Cup failed Fifa standards, study finds

Almost two-thirds of head collision incidents at the tournament were not followed by players being assessed on the sidelines by medical professionals

Head collisions experienced by footballers during the 2014 World Cup were not tackled according to Fifa’s own standards, research has revealed.

A team of doctors from Canada have found that after almost two-thirds of the head collision events that occurred during the tournament, the players involved did not receive an assessment on the sidelines by healthcare personnel.

Continue reading…

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‘Granny style’ is best way to take a basketball free throw, study shows

Mathematical analysis reveals that for players with good control, using an unorthodox underarm technique gives better odds of scoring

It might invite ridicule, but it gets results. A scientific analysis has concluded that using a “granny style” underarm technique is the optimal way to take a free throw in basketball.

Adopting the unorthodox strategy could result in marginal gains for professional players, the research suggests. And, as sporting doctrine goes, marginal gains can lead to remarkable results.

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